Wisdom Teeth Surgery
Surgery is often done at your dentist’s practice rather than in a hospital. Your dentist will review the recommended procedure with you so that you will fully understand and be comfortable with the procedure before it is done. You will also be given information about eating, medication, rest, driving, and other considerations before surgery as well as after.
Many people have their wisdom teeth removed under local anesthesia by their dentist. This means that they are awake but the area around the wisdom teeth is completely numb. Sedative drugs can be given with local anesthesia, to help people relax during the procedure.
The healing process begins immediately after surgery as your body sends blood to nourish the tooth socket. Simple pressure from a piece of gauze is usually all that is needed to control the bleeding and to help a blood clot to form in the socket, which promotes healing. Within a day or two, soft tissue begins to fill in the socket, aided by the blood clot. Eventually, the bone surrounding the socket begins to grow, filling in the socket completely.
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, pose a significant health risk to the patient, or fail to heal properlyA bone graft can be taken from the patient’s own healthy bone (this is called an auto graft) or from frozen, donated bone (allograft). In some cases, a man-made (synthetic) bone substitute is used.
A surgeon makes a cut over the bone defect. The bone graft is shaped and inserted into and around the area. The bone graft is held in place with pins, plates, or screws. Stitches are used to close the wound. A splint or cast is usually used to prevent injury or movement while healing.
Sinus Lift Augmentation
A maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedure (sometimes known informally as a sinus-lift or sinus procedure) is a surgical procedure performed by an appropriately trained dentist or dental specialist to increase the amount of bone in the posterior maxilla, or upper jawbone.
While there may be a number of reasons for wanting a greater volume of bone in the posterior maxilla, the most common reason in contemporary dental treatment planning is to prepare the site for the future placement of dental implants.
Sinus augmentation (sinus lift) is performed when the floor of the sinus is too close to an area where dental implants are to be placed. This procedure is performed to ensure a secure place for the implants while protecting the sinus. Lowering of the sinus can be caused by: Long-term tooth loss without the required treatment, periodontal disease, trauma.
Also known as root end surgery, is an endodontic surgery procedure involving the surgical removal (ectomy) of the tip of a tooth root (apex), and the sealing of the root canal. The purpose of an apicoectomy procedure is to fight an infection in the tissues surrounding the tip of the root and save the tooth from extraction.
An apicoectomy is not the same as a root resection or as a hemi section. In a root resection, an entire root is removed, rather than just the tip. Apicoectomy is the most common type of root canal surgery.
Crown lengthening is a surgical procedure performed by a dentist to expose a greater amount of tooth structure for the purpose of subsequently restoring the tooth prosthetically. This is done by incising the gingival tissue around a tooth and, after temporarily displacing the soft tissue, predictably removing a given height of alveolar bone from the circumference of the tooth or teeth being operated on. While some general dentists perform this procedure, others frequently refer such cases to periodontists.
Osseous Surgery per Quadrant
Osseous surgery threats the periodontitis, a gum disease. Patients suffering from periodontitis will develop defects (holes) in their bones surrounding the teeth. This surgery will get rid of the holes by reshaping the bone, usually it is used for treating bone loss around multiple tooth.
Osseous surgery is done to reshape the bone which holds the tooth in place. Prior to surgery, the patient should undergo an initial periodontal therapy which include root planing and scaling. You must also have good oral hygiene for getting good results out of the surgery.
Surgical Torus Removal (mandibular or palatinus)
Torus removal surgery is a surgical procedure performed to remove one or more extra protuberances of bone either on the palate or the mandible. Although such segments of extra bone are not harmful in any way in and of themselves, their presence may present a problem for those patients who require certain types of dental prostheses, such as complete or partial dentures.
Mandibular tori marks a specific oral condition concerning excessive bone growth of the lower mandible. Mandibular tori exists in contrast to Maxillary tori. Maxillary torus signifies an oral growth on the soft pallet or the roof of the mouth. In individual cases of Mandibular tori, bone growth varies. Some cases cause extreme interference to the point of stopping normal functions of eating.
Oral health care professionals consider Mandibular tori as a benign condition. As such, Mandibular tori operations occur rarely, but involve an incision into the gum and subsequent bone removal. Considerations for removal of Mandibular tori come to light only when excessive oral interference by the bone growth occurs.Mandibular tori causes include genetics. It exists primarily as a heredity condition.
Torus palatinus is a sessile nodule of bone occuring commonly in midline of hard palate. It can also occur over the lingual surface of the maxilla (torus mandibularis). Torus mandibularis is a bony protruberance located on the lingual aspect of the mandible (commonly between the canine and premolar areas). These are bony masses, begining their development during early teens and gradually progresses to adult hood. These masses are slow growing and painless.
These masses are usually self limiting, rarely they may cause periodontal diseases. Periodontal disease is usually caused by the mass forcing food towards the teeth while being chewed instead of away from it. Too large torus may interfere with dentures.